Laundry Room Planning


Here are some tips and hints for laundry room planning. When designing laundry rooms, location is the primary concern. Residents prefer laundry rooms within easy walking distance from their apartment units. The laundry room should be near main traffic patterns, and not in secluded, remote areas that pose security problems.

Design Guidlines

  • Size: Determine the size of the laundry room by allowing a minimum of 25 square feet per machine.
  • Dryers: Start with dryer location when developing a room layout. Dryers should be situated on an outside wall for most efficient venting.
  • Floor and drainage: Concrete floors that slope toward a floor drain are the best choice.
  • Water Heaters: Water heaters should be placed near washers and protected by proper fire-rated walls.
  • Clearance: Provide a minimum clearance of 8’ between floor and overhead pipes.
  • Location: Place dryers on outside walls. Long ducts increase installation costs and are less effective for proper venting.
  • Security: Laundry rooms should be designed to eliminate personal danger. This includes planning entryways on main traffic patterns along with using glass windows, walls, or panels to provide total visibility and eliminate screened areas. Change machines and soap dispensers are not recommended.
  • Lighting: Rooms should be well lit, Fluorescent lighting is recommended.

Equipment Guidelines

The type and number of washers, dryers and other equipment required will depend upon the family composition of the occupants, the number of apartments to be served, the presence or absence of children and the number of laundry rooms in the building.

  • Washers recommended: Energy efficient 14-16lb., heavy-duty commercial washers are recommended.
  • Dryers recommended: There should always be one energy efficient, single load dryer for each washer. When more than one dryer is required in a laundry room, stacked dryers may be use. Double load dryers are less energy efficient and may slow the laundry completion process when used to dry less than a double wash load.

Use the following guidelines to determine equipment needed for each laundry room location. The number of machines required are effected by the following:

  • Resident profile (families, singles, elderly)
  • Price charged (low price encourage usage)
  • Proximity of units to laundry rooms

Predominant Resident Profile: Washers and Dryers per using unit*

  • Families: 1 pair W/D per 8-12 units
  • Young Working Adults: 1 pair W/D per 10-15
  • Older Working Adults: 1 pair W/D per 15-20
  • Students: 1 pair W/D per 25-40 students
  • Senior Citizens: 1 pair W/D per 25-40 units

* These figures are based on the predominant resident profile. Adjust according to your particular profile mix.
Determine using units by adding together all units without an in-unit washer/dryer and half the units with in-unit laundry connections.